Moses & the gods of Egypt Part 17 – Passover #1
by Richard Lodwick
Exodus 11:1-10 (KJB) And the LORD said unto Moses, Yet will I bring one plague more upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence: when he shall let you go, he shall surely thrust you out hence altogether. 2 Speak now in the ears of the people, and let every man borrow of his neighbour, and every woman of her neighbour, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold. 3 And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians. Moreover the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh’s servants, and in the sight of the people. 4 And Moses said, Thus saith the LORD, About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt: 5 And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts. 6 And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there was none like it, nor shall be like it any more. 7 But against any of the children of Israel shall not a dog move his tongue, against man or beast: that ye may know how that the LORD doth put a difference between the Egyptians and Israel. 8 And all these thy servants shall come down unto me, and bow down themselves unto me, saying, Get thee out, and all the people that follow thee: and after that I will go out. And he went out from Pharaoh in a great anger. 9 And the LORD said unto Moses, Pharaoh shall not hearken unto you; that my wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt. 10 And Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh: and the LORD hardened Pharaoh’s heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go out of his land.
Exodus 12:1-13 (KJB) And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 2 This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you. 3 Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house: 4 And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb. 5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats: 6 And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. 7 And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it. 8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. 9 Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof. 10 And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire. 11 And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD’S passover. 12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD. 13 And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.
The lessons on the first Passover are difficult to write. They are so not only due to a large amount of scripture devoted to them, and the fact that it is the most graphic of all pictures of the Lord, Jesus Christ in all the O.T. but because one really does not know how to do the scene justice! We must remember, however, that all of the plagues were to humble Pharaoh and to have the foundation of God’s strong hand in their behalf forever in the minds of Israel (see Ex. 10:1-3). How we, too, should recall His power and faithfulness in our lives. I will divide the material in the Bible on this one into multiple lessons. Stick with it please, as we try to look at the subject properly and not miss all that God has for us, in this mini-series format. NOTE: This first Passover, was to take the lives of all the firstborn, in Egypt, for all who did not have the blood on the doorposts! That alone is a picture of that fact that ALL have sinned, and ALL must be under the blood, to be justified with God (Ro. 3:24, 5:9, 1Cor. 6:11). Now, before we go on, I want us to read the passage here and note the details God Gives. Look at how many chapters and verses are devoted to this last plague.
I will get this out of the way first. The gods of Egypt that were defamed here were, in fact, all of them including Pharaoh himself. What an attack on the head of the nation who was revered as a god! This plague was the most striking and humbling. Let us never doubt the seriousness of God and His Holiness… ever. Remember well 1Jn. 5:16. Do you remember, here, that Pharaoh had killed the dons of Israel? (Ex. 1:16) Think God forgets? Their god Min was also a god of procreation. Isis was the symbol of fertility. Hathor, goddess of love was one of the 7 deities attending the birth of children. The Apis bull was a firstborn animal, greatly revered. Finally, if Pharaoh was truly a god, then the death of HIS firstborn was the death of a son of God! And forget not the plague we are studying here AND IT’S far-reaching picture! The Son, of THE God, would voluntarily die to save the entire world one day! And He would do it during…. the Passover. Think God forgets?
It could be said that here, things turn a corner. Pharaoh will finally let Israel go. God will also institute a holy feast day forever for Israel And set their calendar (12:1-2). And, in this plague, will be the picture of Jesus Christ, the Son of the True and Living God dying on a cross, and it will be circa 1600 years before it happened! A lamb for a nation, here! Then…. for the world!
Now, in all probability, this warning to Moses was given during the period of darkness. For the first time, Moses was able to see an end of all of this! God had never set a number or time to Moses! What faith Moses had!
Now some noteworthy details. There was a time given to this one (11:4). Greater detail was also given as to the carrying out of the plague, by God. The nature of this one was beyond imagination and indicated the anger and wrath of God! The sorrow and mourning would be universal, without fail! God said, kill a lamb, and I’ll passover! But, O, THE Lamb! The Lamb of God!!!