Moses & the gods of Egypt Part 19 – Passover #3
By Richard Lodwick
Exodus 11:1-10 (KJB) And the LORD said unto Moses, Yet will I bring one plague more upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence: when he shall let you go, he shall surely thrust you out hence altogether. 2 Speak now in the ears of the people, and let every man borrow of his neighbour, and every woman of her neighbour, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold. 3 And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians. Moreover the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh’s servants, and in the sight of the people. 4 And Moses said, Thus saith the LORD, About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt: 5 And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts. 6 And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there was none like it, nor shall be like it any more. 7 But against any of the children of Israel shall not a dog move his tongue, against man or beast: that ye may know how that the LORD doth put a difference between the Egyptians and Israel. 8 And all these thy servants shall come down unto me, and bow down themselves unto me, saying, Get thee out, and all the people that follow thee: and after that I will go out. And he went out from Pharaoh in a great anger. 9 And the LORD said unto Moses, Pharaoh shall not hearken unto you; that my wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt. 10 And Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh: and the LORD hardened Pharaoh’s heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go out of his land.
Exodus 12:1-13 (KJB) And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 2 This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you. 3 Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house: 4 And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb. 5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats: 6 And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. 7 And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it. 8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. 9 Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof. 10 And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire. 11 And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD’S passover. 12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD. 13 And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.
This plague is the one that Israel, per God, would observe as a holy feast. Although the others were to be remembered, THIS one is very special! God set forth every detail for this observance. This plague was unique not only in that it exacted the great price of redemption but it pointed out the abject impotence of the Egyptian religion and idolatry. I want you to ponder that last one for a while. What was God bringing them OUT of and what was He bringing them IN to? OUT of a false worthless religion of dead idols, and into a relationship with the True and Living God. Again, seeing that this plague was against both man and beast it is clear it had far-reaching implications. I’m not sure most of Israel ever got it. It has been said that it took God a relatively short time to get Israel out of Egypt, but He never got Egypt out of Israel.
To the firstborn of Pharaoh: His firstborn was the successor to the throne and yet another son of god. This meant also that this firstborn was divine property. In this, which again I’m not sure Israel got, was the clear fact that their God (Jehovah) was supreme, AND THAT NONE of the Egyptian gods could protect them from this tragedy. And, O, how God would show Himself strong to Israel on their journey. I see now why He was so angry with them when they refused to go into the promised land out of fear and lack of faith!!
It is in this feast, too, that the origin of the feast of unleavened bread came from. Leaven is always a symbol of sin; Egypt the world.
In 12:5 we have a most powerful statement. This (male) lamb shall be without ANY blemish. The other plagues were examples of God’s protection and punishment while they were in the land but this one is the example of what it takes to get them all the way out. So it is with salvation. Sin MUST be paid for. Sin MUST be paid for to a totally Holy and righteous God, and the sacrifice must be a perfect sacrifice as He specifies. Notice also it was to be kept for 4 days for inspection. So, too, was the whole life of Jesus under scrutiny for ANY blemish and ANY fault or sin. Read here Heb. 4:15. Read Ex. 12:6 again. Jesus walked ALL OVER Israel and no one EVER found fault in Him, not even Pilot. They had to HIRE LIARS against Him. My, O my! What a picture we have, 1600 years earlier! But, it took blood; not just a perfect life. Read Lev. 17:11 (tho they did not know it yet, this was God’s law).
Now, the power of Ex. 12:7. Connect it with 12:13. NOW read Matt. 26:28. Put all these together with Jn. 1:29. Add 1Pet. 1:2, Ro. 5:8-9, Heb. 9:13-14, & 13:12. Note also purification and cleansing were associated with this sacrifice and the use of hyssop (Ex. 12:22). It was prescribed only in connection with purification ceremonies (Lv. 14:49-52 & Num. 19:18-19, Ps. 51:7) NOW see Heb. 9:14 again! Love your Bible yet?
The door of the house was also not only the place of the entrance but the place of security! O, the blood of Jesus makes us secure. It is HIS blood, the blood of the Lamb of God, that secures our redemption! (Heb. 9:12, 13:12) Note this also: When Israel succumbed to idolatry she placed symbols behind the door and door post. So had the Egyptians, and Israel saw it. (See Is. 57:8) Later Arabs would place images on the thresh hold of their homes for protection.
The idea that the lintel and door post was sacred and somehow associated with evil spirits is evident in all early cultures. Still is today unwittingly!
Here the blood of the lamb was substitutionary… for the firstborn. It was a substitutionary atonement, protecting from death. O, the blood of Jesus protects us from the second death (Rev. 20:14, 21:8). Note also that the command to eat not raw meat (12:9) was to separate them from the rituals of the heathen who would eat raw meat in honor of a pagan deity. Thinking of the last supper here?
There is something interesting here in Ex. 12:16. What 2 days are mentioned? What is the first day of the week? What is the 7th day? Which is the Sabbath, for Israel? On what day do WE meet to worship?
Now, look at 12:22. O, that bright and cloudless morning when the dead in Christ shall rise! O, the night we are in now, in this life, but O… that day!
V23. See the great specificity here. Israel was told that the LORD Himself would do the work here. Again, destroying the false gods of Egypt AND setting up THEIR God as Supreme.
V24-27. How long was this one to be observed? None of the others were like this one! This one was so special. It is the LORD’S Passover and He fulfilled it most magnificently! Now let’s conclude by looking at V28-42.
It is here that we see that God did exactly as He said. At midnight, on the night the Egyptians knew not, God performed the most powerful of all the plagues. Again, the taking of life belongs to God. Look at Ex. 13:2, 19:5, 34:19, AND Ezek. 18:4. Now Ro, 12:19. It is God’s prerogative. None can argue it with Him! We must accept that and have a healthy fear of the Lord, which Pharaoh did not! Pharaoh was considered wise, as were his wise men, but the Bible says the fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom! Their lack of it and pride cost them dearly!
V29-30 also reveals that when God says all… He means all! O, the great cry. Remember, too, it was on the people, because of their leader. America is no different! Millions dead and into eternity! There was not one house where there was one dead. God’s judgment, which IS HIS, had come! Always does!
In V31-33 we have the final call and urgent command to get out!. God said this one would do it! Note well the end of V33. Remember, that it took this much to break them. This is a message we all should heed! It is a message to all men that God will do what He says… even if it means death!
Let’s look at V40-41. 430 years Israel had been in Egypt. God kept track of it right down to the day! ALL THESE YEARS Israel had been under the influence of Egyptian polytheistic & pantheistic idolatry. You know a lot of it rubbed off. Israel had not known their God as they would in the upcoming journey. God never forgot them. He won’t us either!!! I will never leave thee…..
We must close with this: This plague MUST be remembered as the greatest picture in the Bible yet, of the Lord Jesus Christ. We’ll see so much more in the Tabernacle! HE is the Lamb of sacrifice. HIS blood is available to any and all! We cannot close without a review of a few verses: Eph. 1:7, 2:13 Col. 1:14-20, 1Pet. 1:18-19, Rev. 1:5, & 5:9. NOW see 1Cor. 5:7. What a book! Close with Rev. 19:11-16. He deserves so much worship!!! Amen & Amen!!!
57 Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us:
1 Corinthians 5:7 KJV